In these days I have a case where I have to change the domain name of e-mail addresses which are sent out to the Internet. So all e-mails sent out to the Internet need to have the sending addresses changed.
To be more specific: Big company (bigcompany.com) bought small company (smallcompany.com) and from now on all outgoing e-mails must be sent with bigcompany.com addresses. But of course the mail server still needs to receive e-mails for smallcompany.com.
After some research I found the parameter smtp_generic_maps, which looks pretty good:
" When mail is sent to a remote host via SMTP, this replaces
firstname.lastname@example.org by his ISP mail address, replaces email@example.com by her ISP mail address, ...."
But the problem is, that my Postfix solution is a mail gateway (anti-spam, anti-virus) in front of an Exchange server. Therefore the mailboxes are not on the Postfix server and e-mails are forwarded... yes... to a remote host. So even for incoming e-mails the smtp_generic_maps parameter will be applied and smallcompany.com will be replaced by bigcompany.com (and will therefore be relayed to the MX of bigcompany.com).
So I had to look for another solution. This time I found what I was looking for: The sender_canonical_maps parameter! In the documentation the following text describes this parameter:
Example: you want to rewrite the SENDER address "firstname.lastname@example.org"
to "email@example.com", while still being able to send mail to
the RECIPIENT address "firstname.lastname@example.org".
Yes - this is exactly what I need. I still need to be able to receive e-mails for ugly.domain (smallcompany.com) but all sending domains need to be changed from ugly.domain to pretty.domain (bigcompany.com).
# Change outgoing email addresses to be @bigcompany.com
# 01.06.2011 Claudio
sender_canonical_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/sender_canonical