Let's start off with the response to this question (Why is a multi-line output saved as one line in a variable?): It's not!
As I'm currently improving the monitoring plugin check_couchdb_replication, I came across a little problem.
I wanted to check the number of lines of a curl output. By simply using the curl command directly, I got 29 lines in return:
$ curl -q -s localhost:5984/_scheduler/docs/_replicator -u admin:secret | wc -l
But when I saved the command's output in a variable, the whole output seems to have merged into one line:
$ output=$(curl http://localhost:5984/_scheduler/docs/_replicator -u admin:secret)
$ echo $output | wc -l
I came across an article on StackOverflow where the solution was presented. Which by the way is surprisingly easy:
$ echo "$output" | wc -l
By simply putting the variable into double-quotes, the correct number of lines is shown again. But why is that? In the same article linked above, the explanation from Jonathan Leffler is really good:
the difference is that (1) the double-quoted version of the variable (echo "$VARIABLE") preserves internal spacing of the value exactly as it is represented in the variable — newlines, tabs, multiple blanks and all — whereas (2) the unquoted version (echo $VARIABLE) replaces each sequence of one or more blanks, tabs and newlines with a single space. Thus (1) preserves the shape of the input variable, whereas (2) creates a potentially very long single line of output
Quite crazy that after more than 10 years of bashing I only came across this today.
Will from wrote on Jul 21st, 2021:
Thank you so much!
Tomica from wrote on Jan 29th, 2021:
Wow, that really is easy :)
Sebastian from Fiji wrote on Nov 23rd, 2020:
Anders from wrote on Sep 24th, 2020:
And by sharing this little info, you reached top google hit on the subject. Leffler explained it very well.
Marcelo from United States wrote on Jan 15th, 2020:
THANK YOU! :)
hshhhhh from wrote on Sep 4th, 2019:
oh man, thank you.
I hate bash so much because it should be renamed to "WBSH" - "Weird Behaviou SHell"
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