55700 hours or the grey old age of a SATA drive

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Published on July 7th 2017 - Listed in Hardware


A few days ago I wrote about a problem where I could not boot Linux Mint 18.1 after running apt-get upgrade. It turned out to be a problem of a dying hard drive.

The SMART output of this drive is quite impressive, especially the power on hours:

smartctl 6.5 2016-01-24 r4214 [x86_64-linux-4.4.0-79-generic] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-16, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Western Digital Caviar Blue (SATA)
Device Model:     WDC WD5000AAKS-00V1A0
Serial Number:    WD-WMAWF2141256
LU WWN Device Id: 5 0014ee 0575fb08f
Firmware Version: 05.01D05
User Capacity:    500.107.862.016 bytes [500 GB]
Sector Size:      512 bytes logical/physical
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ATA8-ACS (minor revision not indicated)
SATA Version is:  SATA 2.6, 3.0 Gb/s
Local Time is:    Tue Jul  4 08:43:57 2017 CEST
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x84)    Offline data collection activity
                          was suspended by an interrupting command from host.
                          Auto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0)    The previous self-test routine completed
                          without error or no self-test has ever
                          been run.
Total time to complete Offline
data collection:           ( 7380) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:               (0x7b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
                          Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
                          Suspend Offline collection upon new
                          command.
                          Offline surface scan supported.
                          Self-test supported.
                          Conveyance Self-test supported.
                          Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003)    Saves SMART data before entering
                          power-saving mode.
                          Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01)    Error logging supported.
                          General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine
recommended polling time:  (   2) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time:  (  88) minutes.
Conveyance self-test routine
recommended polling time:  (   5) minutes.
SCT capabilities:           (0x303f) SCT Status supported.
                          SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
                          SCT Feature Control supported.
                          SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x002f   200   200   051    Pre-fail  Always       -       698
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0027   144   141   021    Pre-fail  Always       -       3800
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       104
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   200   200   140    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x002e   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   024   024   000    Old_age   Always       -       55700
10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
11 Calibration_Retry_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       102
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       37
193 Load_Cycle_Count        0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       66
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   097   093   000    Old_age   Always       -       46
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0032   189   189   000    Old_age   Always       -       899
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0030   197   197   000    Old_age   Offline      -       277
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
200 Multi_Zone_Error_Rate   0x0008   198   193   000    Old_age   Offline      -       464

SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
Num  Test_Description    Status                  Remaining  LifeTime(hours)  LBA_of_first_error
# 1  Extended offline    Completed: read failure       90%     53425         579131664
# 2  Extended offline    Completed without error       00%     50463         -
# 3  Extended offline    Completed without error       00%     40082         -

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

Yes, this drive ran for 55'700 hours. Although a lot of defect sectors (and read errors) were detected, I was still able to copy the whole Linux Mint 18.1 installation to a new hard drive (only one file was not able to be copied due to read errors).


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